egg yolk

Choline

Interesting facts about choline:

  • Choline is a water-soluble vitamin
    Choline is a water-soluble vitamin, which means that it is easily absorbed in the body (as most of the body is made of water and so are most of the foods eaten), but some of it may be lost in cooking.
  • Choline is a B-vitamin co-factor and helps the B-vitamins work more effectively
    Choline is a B-vitamin co-factor, which means it is not quite a vitamin, but works with all of the B-vitamins to help them perform their activities more effectively.
Choline is a water-soluble vitamin, which means that it is easily absorbed in the body, but some of it may be lost in cooking
  • Choline works closely with biotin (vitamin H) and inositol to help the body to turn food eaten into energy
    Choline works closely with another B-vitamin co-factor (inositol), together with vitamin H (biotin) to help turn the food that is eaten, into energy for the body, through the process of digestion.
  • Choline also works closely with folic acid and vitamin B12
    Choline also works closely with folic acid (folate) and vitamin B12 (cobalamin) to help the nutrients perform their tasks much more effectively.

References

  1. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Pantothenic acid. Dietary Reference Intakes: Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B-6, Vitamin B-12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 1998:357-373<
  2. Griffith HW. Minerals, Supplements and Vitamins - The Essential Guide. 2000 Fisher Books, USA
  3. Lieberman S, Bruning N. The Real Vitamin and Mineral Book - Using Supplements for Optimal Health. 3rd Edition. Avery Publishing, New York, 2003
  4. Mellot TJ, et al. Prenatal choline availability modulates hippocampal and cerebral cortical gene expression. FASEB J. 2007 Jan 30;
  5. Osiecki, Henry, The Nutrient Bible 2002, BioConcepts Publishing
  6. Tedeschi D, et al. Increased choline signal coinciding with malignant degeneration of cerebral gliomas: a serial proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging study. Neurosurg Focsus 3 (5):Article 1, 1997
  7. Zeisel S - University of North Carolina. UNC research team identifies gene variant indicating women who need more choline in diet. News Release 499, October 2005. Accessed 25 March 2008

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